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Art & Art History

The Republic Reconsidered

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Monday, September 27, 1993–Saturday, October 16, 1993

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Artists: Richard Binder, Barbara Blades, Christine Boos, Leslie Brack, Yvette Brackman, Nicholas Bruno, Patrick Collier, Tom Denlinger, Markus Dohner, Rita Halvorsen, Robert Hewitt, Nina Levy, Larry Miller, Dan Mills, Kurt Mitchell, Steve Olsen, Michael Piazza, Jon Pounds, Russ Redsville, Martha Schlitt, Susan Sensemann, Helen Tsatsos and Ellen Grimes, Tom Van Eynde, and James Warden

The Republic Reconsidered explores and redefines the established genre of the monument and the place of public art in the community today. The juried works in this competition are designed to encourage speculation, fantasy, and the reconsideration of public art. In an era of pluralistic art, architecture, and design, Gallery 400 ’s goal is to re-examine the history of the monument and to revise views on public installations and their impact on contemporary culture.

On exhibition in conjunction with the centennial of the 1893 World ’s Columbian Exposition, The Republic Reconsidered is inspired by the recently restored Statue of the Republic, a one-third scale replica of the one-hundred-foot statue originally created for the World ’s Fair, which depicts a laurel-crowned woman holding in one hand an eagle and in the other a standard adorned with a wreath and the word “Victory.” Both statues were created by the artist Daniel Chester French, who executed them in the Classical style, and covered them in eighteen-carat gold leaf. Using The Statue of the Republic, which now stands in Jackson Park at the corner of Lake Shore Drive and Hayes, as a point of departure, The Republic Reconsidered focuses on the ever-shifting state of the monument and public sculpture, both in Chicago and beyond.


Richard Binder

Untitled, 1993
Marker on paper, 20 x 29 1/4 in.

Barbara Blades

The Republic (reconsidered), 1993
Mixed media on paper, 30 x 22 in.

Christine Boos

Tut and Paddy’s Backstairs, 1993
Steel, copper, and wood, 59 x 10 1/4 x 13 in.

Leslie Brack

High Fives, 1993
Plastic and artificial grass, 9 1/2 x 11 1/2 in. diameter

Yvette Brackman

Deposed Monuments, 1993
Photographs, each 11 x 14 in.

Nicholas Bruno

The Republic Reconsidered, 1993
Paper, marker, and plastic, 12 x 24 x 24 in.

Patrick Collier

Discombobulate, 1993
Stocking caps, 17 1/2 x 33 in. diameter and 16 x 32 in. diameter

Tom Denlinger

Bert’s Bed and Breakfast, 1993
Glass, leather, metal, and paper, 16 x 21 x 7 1/2 in.

Markus Dohner

Reconstruction of Republic Statue As Water Goddess, 1993
Mixed media on paper, 20 x 30 in.

Rita Halvorsen

The Republic Returns to the Earth, 1993
Marker on paper, 20 x 30 in.

Robert Hewitt

Untitled, 1993
Metal, artificial grass, sand, and wood, 7 x 18 x 12 in.

Nina Levy

Proposal for The Republic Reconsidered, 1993
Carved resin with gold leaf, box, and artificial grass, 6 1/2 x 1 1/2 x 1 in.

Larry Miller

Nipple to the Bottle or Safe as Milk, 1993
Glass, photo, liquid light, milk, and rubber nipple, 13 x 5 x 2 1/2 in.

Dan Mills

Stereo Types, 1993
Mixed media, 19 x 10 x 12 in.

Kurt Mitchell

The Republic Reconsidered, Quidpiam Pro Pecunia, 1993
Pencil and colored pencil on paper, 30 x 20 in.

Steve Olsen

The Republic Reconstituted, 1993
Mixed media on paper, 20 x 30 in.

Michael Piazza

Untitled, 1993
Mixed media, 15 1/2 x 14 x 10 in.

Jon Pounds

Exposition Ain’t No Personification, 1993
Ceramic, plaster, and fabric, 23 1/2 x 14 x 10 in.

Russ Redsville

Camera Plaza, 1993
Cement, paint, collage, and photo-reproduction, 7 x 8 x 4 in. and 11 x 8 1/2 in.

Martha Schlitt

The Statue of the Republic Covered in Paprika, 1993
Paper and paprika, 24 x 10 in.

Susan Sensemann

Beginning of Critical Thinking, 1993
Collage, 30 1/2 x 20 in.

In All Ages, 1993
13 x 26 x 24 in.

Helen Tsatsos and Ellen Grimes

Working Drawings for Scaffolding Monument, or, Speculation on Monumental Functions, 1993
Mixed media on paper, each 24 x 18 in.

Tom Van Eynde and Dan Mills

Don’t Know the Title (Greased Palm), 1993
Mixed media and grease, 10 1/2 x 8 3/4 x 10 1/2 in.

James Warden

Gold Leaf, 1993
Osco color photograph, 30 x 20 in.


The Republic Reconsidered

Gallery 400
Chicago, Illinois
September 27–October 16, 1993

Opening Reception: Wednesday, September 29, 1993, 4–7pm


The Republic Reconsidered is supported by the University of Illinois at Chicago School of Art and Design’s College of Architecture, Art, and Urban Planning.

This project is also coordinated through: The City of Chicago, Department of Cultural Affairs, Chicago ’93, the Chicago Park District, and the B. F. Ferguson Fund of the Art Institute of Chicago and supported by a grant from the Illinois Arts Council, a state agency.


Phillips, Ada M. “Time to Reconsider the Republic Statue.” Chicago Defender, July 13, 1993, p. 14.


Flyer: The Republic Reconsidered

Postcard: The Republic Reconsidered